tgba2ta.cc 23 KB
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// -*- coding utf-8 -*-
// Copyright (C) 2010, 2011, 2012 Laboratoire de Recherche et
// Développement de l'Epita (LRDE).
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//
// This file is part of Spot, a model checking library.
//
// Spot is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
// under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
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// the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or
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// (at your option) any later version.
//
// Spot is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
// ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY
// or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public
// License for more details.
//
// You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
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// along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
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//#define TRACE
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#include <iostream>
#ifdef TRACE
#define trace std::clog
#else
#define trace while (0) std::clog
#endif

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#include "ltlast/atomic_prop.hh"
#include "ltlast/constant.hh"
#include "tgba/formula2bdd.hh"
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#include "tgba/sba.hh"
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#include "misc/bddop.hh"
#include <cassert>
#include "ltlvisit/tostring.hh"
#include <iostream>
#include "tgba/bddprint.hh"
#include "tgbaalgos/gtec/nsheap.hh"
#include <stack>
#include "tgba2ta.hh"
#include "taalgos/statessetbuilder.hh"
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#include "ta/tgtaexplicit.hh"
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using namespace std;

namespace spot
{

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  namespace
  {
    typedef std::pair<spot::state*, tgba_succ_iterator*> pair_state_iter;
  }

  void
  transform_to_single_pass_automaton(ta_explicit* testing_automata,
      state_ta_explicit* artificial_livelock_accepting_state = 0)
  {

    if (artificial_livelock_accepting_state != 0)
      {
        state_ta_explicit* artificial_livelock_accepting_state_added =
            testing_automata->add_state(artificial_livelock_accepting_state);

        // unique artificial_livelock_accepting_state
        assert(artificial_livelock_accepting_state_added
            == artificial_livelock_accepting_state);
        artificial_livelock_accepting_state->set_livelock_accepting_state(true);
        artificial_livelock_accepting_state->free_transitions();
      }



    ta::states_set_t states_set = testing_automata->get_states_set();
    ta::states_set_t::iterator it;

    state_ta_explicit::transitions* transitions_to_livelock_states =
        new state_ta_explicit::transitions;

    for (it = states_set.begin(); it != states_set.end(); it++)
      {

        state_ta_explicit* source = static_cast<state_ta_explicit*> (*it);

        transitions_to_livelock_states->clear();

        state_ta_explicit::transitions* trans = source->get_transitions();
        state_ta_explicit::transitions::iterator it_trans;

        if (trans != 0)
          for (it_trans = trans->begin(); it_trans != trans->end();)
            {
              state_ta_explicit* dest = (*it_trans)->dest;

              state_ta_explicit::transitions* dest_trans =
                  (dest)->get_transitions();
              bool dest_trans_empty = dest_trans == 0 || dest_trans->empty();



             //select transitions where a destination is a livelock state
              // which isn't a Buchi accepting state and has successors
              if (dest->is_livelock_accepting_state()
                  && (!dest->is_accepting_state()) && (!dest_trans_empty))
                {
                  transitions_to_livelock_states->push_front(*it_trans);

                }

              //optimization to have, after
              // minimization, an unique livelock state which has no successors
              if (dest->is_livelock_accepting_state() && (dest_trans_empty))
                {
                  dest->set_accepting_state(false);

                }

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              ++it_trans;
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            }

        if (transitions_to_livelock_states != 0)
          {
            state_ta_explicit::transitions::iterator it_trans;

            for (it_trans = transitions_to_livelock_states->begin(); it_trans
                != transitions_to_livelock_states->end(); it_trans++)
              {
                if (artificial_livelock_accepting_state != 0)
                  {
                    testing_automata->create_transition(source,
                        (*it_trans)->condition,
                        (*it_trans)->acceptance_conditions,
                        artificial_livelock_accepting_state, true);
                  }
                else
                  {
                    testing_automata->create_transition(source,
                        (*it_trans)->condition,
                        (*it_trans)->acceptance_conditions,
                        ((*it_trans)->dest)->stuttering_reachable_livelock,
                        true);
                  }

              }
          }

      }
    delete transitions_to_livelock_states;

    for (it = states_set.begin(); it != states_set.end(); it++)
      {

        state_ta_explicit* state = static_cast<state_ta_explicit*> (*it);
        state_ta_explicit::transitions* state_trans =
            (state)->get_transitions();
        bool state_trans_empty = state_trans == 0 || state_trans->empty();

        if (state->is_livelock_accepting_state()
            && (!state->is_accepting_state()) && (!state_trans_empty))
          state->set_livelock_accepting_state(false);
      }

  }

void
compute_livelock_acceptance_states(ta_explicit* testing_automata,
    bool single_pass_emptiness_check,
    state_ta_explicit* artificial_livelock_accepting_state)
{
  // We use five main data in this algorithm:
  // * sscc: a stack of strongly stuttering-connected components (SSCC)
  scc_stack_ta sscc;

  // * arc, a stack of acceptance conditions between each of these SCC,
  std::stack<bdd> arc;

  // * h: a hash of all visited nodes, with their order,
  //   (it is called "Hash" in Couvreur's paper)
  numbered_state_heap* h =
      numbered_state_heap_hash_map_factory::instance()->build();
  ///< Heap of visited states.

  // * num: the number of visited nodes.  Used to set the order of each
  //   visited node,
  int num = 0;

  // * todo: the depth-first search stack.  This holds pairs of the
  //   form (STATE, ITERATOR) where ITERATOR is a tgba_succ_iterator
  //   over the successors of STATE.  In our use, ITERATOR should
  //   always be freed when TODO is popped, but STATE should not because
  //   it is also used as a key in H.
  std::stack<pair_state_iter> todo;

  // * init: the set of the depth-first search initial states
  std::stack<state*> init_set;

  ta::states_set_t::const_iterator it;
  ta::states_set_t init_states = testing_automata->get_initial_states_set();
  for (it = init_states.begin(); it != init_states.end(); it++)
    {
      state* init_state = (*it);
      init_set.push(init_state);

    }

  while (!init_set.empty())
    {
      // Setup depth-first search from initial states.

        {
          state_ta_explicit* init =
              down_cast<state_ta_explicit*> (init_set.top());
          init_set.pop();
          state_ta_explicit* init_clone = init;
          numbered_state_heap::state_index_p h_init = h->find(init_clone);

          if (h_init.first)
            continue;

          h->insert(init_clone, ++num);
          sscc.push(num);
          arc.push(bddfalse);
          sscc.top().is_accepting
              = testing_automata->is_accepting_state(init);
          tgba_succ_iterator* iter = testing_automata->succ_iter(init);
          iter->first();
          todo.push(pair_state_iter(init, iter));

        }

      while (!todo.empty())
        {

          state* curr = todo.top().first;

          numbered_state_heap::state_index_p spi = h->find(curr);
          // If we have reached a dead component, ignore it.
          if (*spi.second == -1)
            {
              todo.pop();
              continue;
            }

          // We are looking at the next successor in SUCC.
          tgba_succ_iterator* succ = todo.top().second;

          // If there is no more successor, backtrack.
          if (succ->done())
            {
              // We have explored all successors of state CURR.

              // Backtrack TODO.
              todo.pop();

              // fill rem with any component removed,
              numbered_state_heap::state_index_p spi = h->index(curr);
              assert(spi.first);

              sscc.rem().push_front(curr);

              // When backtracking the root of an SSCC, we must also
              // remove that SSCC from the ROOT stacks.  We must
              // discard from H all reachable states from this SSCC.
              assert(!sscc.empty());
              if (sscc.top().index == *spi.second)
                {
                  // removing states
                  std::list<state*>::iterator i;
                  bool is_livelock_accepting_sscc = (sscc.rem().size() > 1)
                      && ((sscc.top().is_accepting) || (sscc.top().condition
                          == testing_automata->all_acceptance_conditions()));

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                  trace << "*** sscc.size()  = ***"
			<<  sscc.size() << std::endl;
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                  for (i = sscc.rem().begin(); i != sscc.rem().end(); ++i)
                    {
                      numbered_state_heap::state_index_p spi = h->index((*i));
                      assert(spi.first->compare(*i) == 0);
                      assert(*spi.second != -1);
                      *spi.second = -1;

                      if (is_livelock_accepting_sscc)
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                        {
			  // if it is an accepting sscc add the state to
                          // G (=the livelock-accepting states set)
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                          trace << "*** sscc.size() > 1: states: ***"
                                << testing_automata->format_state(*i)
                                << std::endl;
                          state_ta_explicit * livelock_accepting_state =
                              down_cast<state_ta_explicit*> (*i);

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			  livelock_accepting_state->
			    set_livelock_accepting_state(true);

			  if (single_pass_emptiness_check)
			    {
			      livelock_accepting_state
				->set_accepting_state(true);
			      livelock_accepting_state
				->stuttering_reachable_livelock
				= livelock_accepting_state;
			    }
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                        }
                    }

                  assert(!arc.empty());
                  sscc.pop();
                  arc.pop();

                }

              // automata reduction
              testing_automata->delete_stuttering_and_hole_successors(curr);

              delete succ;
              // Do not delete CURR: it is a key in H.
              continue;
            }

          // Fetch the values destination state we are interested in...
          state* dest = succ->current_state();

          bdd acc_cond = succ->current_acceptance_conditions();
          // ... and point the iterator to the next successor, for
          // the next iteration.
          succ->next();
          // We do not need SUCC from now on.


          // Are we going to a new state through a stuttering transition?
          bool is_stuttering_transition =
              testing_automata->get_state_condition(curr)
                  == testing_automata->get_state_condition(dest);
          state* dest_clone = dest;
          spi = h->find(dest_clone);

          // Is this a new state?
          if (!spi.first)
            {
              if (!is_stuttering_transition)
                {
                  init_set.push(dest);
                  dest_clone->destroy();
                  continue;
                }

              // Number it, stack it, and register its successors
              // for later processing.
              h->insert(dest_clone, ++num);
              sscc.push(num);
              arc.push(acc_cond);
              sscc.top().is_accepting = testing_automata->is_accepting_state(
                  dest);

              tgba_succ_iterator* iter = testing_automata->succ_iter(dest);
              iter->first();
              todo.push(pair_state_iter(dest, iter));
              continue;
            }

          // If we have reached a dead component, ignore it.
          if (*spi.second == -1)
            continue;

          trace
            << "***compute_livelock_acceptance_states: CYCLE***" << std::endl;

          if (!curr->compare(dest))
            {
              state_ta_explicit * self_loop_state =
                  down_cast<state_ta_explicit*> (curr);
              assert(self_loop_state);

              if (testing_automata->is_accepting_state(self_loop_state)
                  || (acc_cond
                      == testing_automata->all_acceptance_conditions()))
                {
                  self_loop_state->set_livelock_accepting_state(true);
                  if (single_pass_emptiness_check)
                    {
                      self_loop_state->set_accepting_state(true);
                      self_loop_state->stuttering_reachable_livelock
                          = self_loop_state;
                    }

                }

          trace
          << "***compute_livelock_acceptance_states: CYCLE: self_loop_state***"
          << std::endl;

            }

          // Now this is the most interesting case.  We have reached a
          // state S1 which is already part of a non-dead SSCC.  Any such
          // non-dead SSCC has necessarily been crossed by our path to
          // this state: there is a state S2 in our path which belongs
          // to this SSCC too.  We are going to merge all states between
          // this S1 and S2 into this SSCC.
          //
          // This merge is easy to do because the order of the SSCC in
          // ROOT is ascending: we just have to merge all SSCCs from the
          // top of ROOT that have an index greater to the one of
          // the SSCC of S2 (called the "threshold").
          int threshold = *spi.second;
          std::list<state*> rem;
          bool acc = false;

          while (threshold < sscc.top().index)
            {
              assert(!sscc.empty());
              assert(!arc.empty());
              acc |= sscc.top().is_accepting;
              acc_cond |= sscc.top().condition;
              acc_cond |= arc.top();
              rem.splice(rem.end(), sscc.rem());
              sscc.pop();
              arc.pop();
            }

          // Note that we do not always have
          //  threshold == sscc.top().index
          // after this loop, the SSCC whose index is threshold might have
          // been merged with a lower SSCC.

          // Accumulate all acceptance conditions into the merged SSCC.
          sscc.top().is_accepting |= acc;
          sscc.top().condition |= acc_cond;

          sscc.rem().splice(sscc.rem().end(), rem);

        }

    }
  delete h;

  if ((artificial_livelock_accepting_state != 0)
        || single_pass_emptiness_check)
      transform_to_single_pass_automaton(testing_automata,
          artificial_livelock_accepting_state);

}

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  ta_explicit*
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  build_ta(ta_explicit* ta, bdd atomic_propositions_set_, bool degeneralized,
      bool single_pass_emptiness_check, bool artificial_livelock_state_mode)
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  {

    std::stack<state_ta_explicit*> todo;
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    const tgba* tgba_ = ta->get_tgba();
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    const sba* sba_ = down_cast<const sba*>(tgba_);
    assert(!degeneralized || sba_);
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    // build Initial states set:
    state* tgba_init_state = tgba_->get_init_state();

    bdd tgba_condition = tgba_->support_conditions(tgba_init_state);

    bdd satone_tgba_condition;
    while ((satone_tgba_condition = bdd_satoneset(tgba_condition,
        atomic_propositions_set_, bddtrue)) != bddfalse)
      {
        tgba_condition -= satone_tgba_condition;
        state_ta_explicit* init_state;
        if (degeneralized)
          {
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            init_state =
	      new state_ta_explicit(tgba_init_state->clone(),
				    satone_tgba_condition, true,
				    sba_->state_is_accepting(tgba_init_state));
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          }
        else
          {
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            init_state =
	      new state_ta_explicit(tgba_init_state->clone(),
				    satone_tgba_condition, true, false);
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          }

        state_ta_explicit* s = ta->add_state(init_state);
        assert(s == init_state);
        ta->add_to_initial_states_set(s);

        todo.push(init_state);
      }
    tgba_init_state->destroy();

    while (!todo.empty())
      {
        state_ta_explicit* source = todo.top();
        todo.pop();

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        tgba_succ_iterator* tgba_succ_it =
	  tgba_->succ_iter(source->get_tgba_state());
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        for (tgba_succ_it->first(); !tgba_succ_it->done(); tgba_succ_it->next())
          {
            const state* tgba_state = tgba_succ_it->current_state();
            bdd tgba_condition = tgba_succ_it->current_condition();
            bdd tgba_acceptance_conditions =
                tgba_succ_it->current_acceptance_conditions();
            bdd satone_tgba_condition;
            while ((satone_tgba_condition = bdd_satoneset(tgba_condition,
                atomic_propositions_set_, bddtrue)) != bddfalse)
              {

                tgba_condition -= satone_tgba_condition;

                bdd all_props = bddtrue;
                bdd dest_condition;
                if (satone_tgba_condition == source->get_tgba_condition())
                  while ((dest_condition = bdd_satoneset(all_props,
                      atomic_propositions_set_, bddtrue)) != bddfalse)
                    {
                      all_props -= dest_condition;
                      state_ta_explicit* new_dest;
                      if (degeneralized)
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			{
			  new_dest = new state_ta_explicit
			    (tgba_state->clone(),
			     dest_condition,
			     false,
			     sba_->state_is_accepting(tgba_state));

			}
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                      else
                        {
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                          new_dest = new state_ta_explicit
			    (tgba_state->clone(), dest_condition, false, false);
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                        }
                      state_ta_explicit* dest = ta->add_state(new_dest);

                      if (dest != new_dest)
                        {
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                          // the state dest already exists in the automaton
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                          new_dest->get_tgba_state()->destroy();
                          delete new_dest;
                        }
                      else
                        {
                          todo.push(dest);
                        }

                      ta->create_transition(source, bdd_setxor(
                          source->get_tgba_condition(),
                          dest->get_tgba_condition()),
                          tgba_acceptance_conditions, dest);

                    }

              }
            tgba_state->destroy();
          }
        delete tgba_succ_it;

      }

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    state_ta_explicit* artificial_livelock_accepting_state = 0;

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    trace << "*** build_ta: artificial_livelock_accepting_state_mode = ***"
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          << artificial_livelock_state_mode << std::endl;
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    if (artificial_livelock_state_mode)
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      {
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        single_pass_emptiness_check = true;
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        artificial_livelock_accepting_state = new state_ta_explicit(
            ta->get_tgba()->get_init_state(), bddtrue, false, false, true, 0);
        trace
          << "*** build_ta: artificial_livelock_accepting_state = ***"
              << artificial_livelock_accepting_state << std::endl;
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      }
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    compute_livelock_acceptance_states(ta, single_pass_emptiness_check,
        artificial_livelock_accepting_state);
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    return ta;

  }

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  ta_explicit*
  tgba_to_ta(const tgba* tgba_, bdd atomic_propositions_set_,
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      bool degeneralized, bool artificial_initial_state_mode,
      bool single_pass_emptiness_check, bool artificial_livelock_state_mode)
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  {
    ta_explicit* ta;

    state* tgba_init_state = tgba_->get_init_state();
    if (artificial_initial_state_mode)
      {
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        state_ta_explicit* artificial_init_state =
	  new state_ta_explicit(tgba_init_state->clone(), bddfalse, true);
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        ta = new spot::ta_explicit(tgba_, tgba_->all_acceptance_conditions(),
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				   artificial_init_state);
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      }
    else
      {
        ta = new spot::ta_explicit(tgba_, tgba_->all_acceptance_conditions());
      }
    tgba_init_state->destroy();

    // build ta automata:
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    build_ta(ta, atomic_propositions_set_, degeneralized,
        single_pass_emptiness_check, artificial_livelock_state_mode);
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    // (degeneralized=true) => TA
    if (degeneralized)
      return ta;

    // (degeneralized=false) => GTA
    // adapt a GTA to remove acceptance conditions from states
    ta::states_set_t states_set = ta->get_states_set();
    ta::states_set_t::iterator it;
    for (it = states_set.begin(); it != states_set.end(); it++)
      {
        state_ta_explicit* state = static_cast<state_ta_explicit*> (*it);

        if (state->is_accepting_state())
          {

            state_ta_explicit::transitions* trans = state->get_transitions();
            state_ta_explicit::transitions::iterator it_trans;

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            for (it_trans = trans->begin(); it_trans != trans->end();
		 it_trans++)
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              {
                (*it_trans)->acceptance_conditions
                    = ta->all_acceptance_conditions();

              }

            state->set_accepting_state(false);
          }

      }



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    return ta;
  }

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  tgta_explicit*
  tgba_to_tgta(const tgba* tgba_, bdd atomic_propositions_set_)
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  {

    state* tgba_init_state = tgba_->get_init_state();
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    state_ta_explicit* artificial_init_state = new state_ta_explicit(
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        tgba_init_state->clone(), bddfalse, true);
    tgba_init_state->destroy();

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    tgta_explicit* tgta = new spot::tgta_explicit(tgba_,
        tgba_->all_acceptance_conditions(), artificial_init_state);
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    // build a Generalized TA automaton involving a single_pass_emptiness_check
    // (without an artificial livelock state):
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    ta_explicit* ta = tgta->get_ta();
    build_ta(ta, atomic_propositions_set_, false, true, false);
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    trace << "***tgba_to_tgbta: POST build_ta***" << std::endl;
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    // adapt a ta automata to build tgta automata :
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    ta::states_set_t states_set = ta->get_states_set();
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    ta::states_set_t::iterator it;
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    tgba_succ_iterator* initial_states_iter =
      ta->succ_iter(ta->get_artificial_initial_state());
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    initial_states_iter->first();
    if (initial_states_iter->done())
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      {
	delete initial_states_iter;
	return tgta;
      }
    bdd first_state_condition = initial_states_iter->current_condition();
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    delete initial_states_iter;

    bdd bdd_stutering_transition = bdd_setxor(first_state_condition,
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					      first_state_condition);
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    for (it = states_set.begin(); it != states_set.end(); it++)
      {
        state_ta_explicit* state = static_cast<state_ta_explicit*> (*it);

        state_ta_explicit::transitions* trans = state->get_transitions();
        if (state->is_livelock_accepting_state())
          {

            bool trans_empty = (trans == 0 || trans->empty());
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            if (trans_empty || state->is_accepting_state())
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              {
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                ta->create_transition(state, bdd_stutering_transition,
                    ta->all_acceptance_conditions(), state);
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              }
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          }

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        if (state->compare(ta->get_artificial_initial_state()))
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          ta->create_transition(state, bdd_stutering_transition,
				bddfalse, state);
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        state->set_livelock_accepting_state(false);
        state->set_accepting_state(false);
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        trace << "***tgba_to_tgbta: POST create_transition ***" << std::endl;
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      }

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    return tgta;
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  }
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}